Deep Vein Thrombosis – Cardiovascular System Example

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"Deep Vein Thrombosis" is a good example of a paper on the cardiovascular system. Martha Adighbe, from the evident symptoms explained, is suffering from Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). DVT is an acute thrombosis disorder that occurs in the body’ s deep veins, usually involving the lower extremities of the body like legs.   The thrombosis causing the acute disorder of DVT is because of a partial or complete obstruction of the veins. The condition restricts the flow of blood to the affected body extremity and mostly affects the calf veins (Koutoukidis, Stainton, & Hughson, 2013, P.

954). Some of the most prevalent symptoms of DVT include Redness in the affected area, pain in the calf area indicated by a blood clot in the leg. Having a temperature higher than 38 degrees Celsius is another symptom (Timby, 2009, P. 291). Evidentially enough, these symptoms are exactly the same ones that Martha complains about experiencing to her local GP. Therefore, it is doubtless that Martha is indeed suffering from DVT. Due to the close link between DVT and PE, it is quite correct to conclude that Martha might also be suffering from PE.

The reason is that she has complained of SOB (Shortness of Breath), a common symptom arising from the disorder of PE. Q2 Virchow’ s triad refers to the three conditions of vessel wall inflammation, hypercoagulability (changes in blood composition), and venostasis (changes in blood flow). The conditions lead to the development of thrombosis that causes DVT disorder (Lundy & Janes, 2009, P. 57). Below are pictorial representations of the conditions. Q3 Neutropenia is a body disorder condition characterized by low white blood cells (WBC) composition and deficiency of iron in the blood.

Martha, diagnosed with Neutropenia, maybe one of the conditions that have catalyzed the condition making her suffer from DVT. The reason is first, lack of enough white blood cells in the body, Martha is therefore prone to many infections such as DVT. Since the body is unable to fight pathogens causing DVT like thrombi (Carter, 2008, P. 772). In addition, deficiency of iron and WBC changes the blood composition in the body causes the condition of hypercoagulability. One of the conditions pathophysiologically determined to be causing DVT. Q4 Martha being a flight attendant under orientation, might have done little leg exercise or mobilization.

The exercises include crossing her legs while sitting, bending her ankles and toes, and sitting in one position for so long during the flight. These conditions are highly likely to cause DVT. She could have prevented the possibility of experiencing DVT pain, redness, and swelling in the calf area by exercising and relaxing her legs during the flight. In addition, she could have avoided crossing her legs, bending her ankles, or sitting for so long in one position during the flight. Q5 Martha’ s blood results attribute to her being chronically unwell.

The reason is the blood components, iron, and WBC, lacking are always essential to the natural existence in the body. Q6 Patients undergoing surgery or those in-patients in hospitals usually get administered with Intravenous (I. V) unfractionated heparin as a preventive measure of DVT. The substance prevents the formation of any new thrombi as well as inhibiting the growth of thrombi, which might be in any existence in the body veins (Funnell, Koutoukidis, Lawrence & Tabbner, 2008, P. 986). Q7 A matter of concern about the vital signs of DVT exhibited by Martha is that the disease causes unexpected death among people if not detected early and treated.

The remedy to Martha’ s situation is conducting A D-dimer blood test and an ultrasound sound diagnosis on her to ascertain that Martha indeed has DVT. If DVT diagnosis provides a positive result, then treatment should commence on her immediately (Elder, Evans & Nizette, 2009, P. 458). Q8 PE is an acute disorder that causes morbidity and mortality. It develops due to an obstruction caused by thrombus occurring in a section of the pulmonary artery.

The thrombus commonly originates from the pelvic vein leg and forms in the heart’ s right side of the venous system. The treatment plan for PE is prevention. The clients deemed to be at high risk of PE or DVT since the two disorders’ risk factors relate should commence on Enoxaparin, a prophylaxis regimen (Minden & Gullickson, 2011, P. 119).  

References

Carter, P. J. (2008). Lippincott's textbook for nursing assistants: a humanistic approach to caregiving. Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Elder, R., Evans, K., & Nizette, D. (2009). Psychiatric and mental health nursing. Sydney, Mosby Elsevier.

Funnell, R., Koutoukidis, G., Lawrence, K., & Tabbner, A. R. (2008). Tabbner's nursing care: theory and practice. Sydney, N.S.W., Elsevier Churchill Livingstone.

Koutoukidis, G., Stainton, K., & Hughson, J. (2013). Tabbners Nursing Care Theory and Practice 6E. Elsevier, Australia.

Lundy, K. S., & Janes, S. (2009). Community health nursing: caring for the public's health. Sudbury, Mass, Jones, and Bartlett Publishers.

Minden, P., & Gullickson, C. (2011). Teaching nursing care of chronic illness [a storied approach to whole person care]. New York, NY, Springer Pub. Co. http://site.ebrary.com/id/10265350.

Timby, B. K. (2009). Fundamental nursing skills and concepts. Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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