"The Comparison of Nursing and Nursing Education between Australia and India" is a perfect example of a paper on care. The process of knowledge acquisition is a life-long process and nursing just like any other education concept it dwells on information gaining and transformation in a practical exercise in the field. Nursing is the ethical and clinical response to problems of humans that require treatment to bring about holistic wellness physically, psychologically, spiritually, and socially. Nursing education, on the other hand, is the knowledge and skill acquired in training.
Nursing care calls for competence as the practice is diverse worldwide, for it is concerned with people’ s health status. According to Glasgow and Robbins (2004), the formulation of nursing and nursing education is designed to allow the knowledge that transforms to practice by nursing students who are capable of executing competence and professionalism in healthcare delivery. Knowledge and skills for nursing students focus on proficiencies development that provides care for different patients. The essay illustrates a comparison between the development of nursing and nursing education in Australia and India in various aspects such as development, function, and importance of proficiency standards of operation.
The world is evolving at a rapid rate stimulating acceleration of mobility of goods and services including healthcare. Modern nursing develops from a vocational concept to a vibrant discipline and professionalism that began in the late 1800s by Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale is the brain behind the framework guiding nursing that articulated her views on how nurses should be trained educated on patient care (Mallik, Maggie, et al. , 2009). This occurred when the demand for higher education was on the increase due to stretched labor market for highly skilled workers, such as nurses who were a valuable asset to the nation.
Variation in the education system, scholars were hunger in search of quality education resulting in developed countries offering scholarships to brilliant students to study and work in their evolved facilities. Australia, U.S. , and Britain were leading exporters of higher education increasing professionalism in their labor market. Developing countries, on the other hand, struggled with poor healthcare structures because most of their top students sought education and employment elsewhere (Sabate, 2003).
However, the nursing profession prepares students to carry out their duties in commendable standards that are universally acceptable and supported by a framework stimulated by an individual country. Developing countries continued to lose students to developed countries such as Australia. There exist several professional bodies across the world that govern the operation of services providing uniformity and order. Nursing is widespread in the world; however, nursing practice and education are the same with little difference contributed by the systems of education with some being seen as superior to others.
According to Glasgow and Robbins (2004), nursing practice pays attention to the promotion of health, prevention of diseases for both individuals and communities, and advocacy of good health as well as caring for chronic patients. The Code of Professional Conduct guides nurses caring for patients in Australia. On the other hand, the Code of Ethics for Nurses is formulated for student nurses and those in the work system to maintain professionalism and competency while delivering their duties (NMBA, 2010). The nursing professional goes beyond the normal duties of provision of healthcare and encompasses the diversity of the local people and immigrants upholding basic human rights.
For instance, in Australia nurses are expected to keep the national competence of their professional, ensuring that knowledge and understanding of work conduct are up to date (Lusch & Stephen, 2014). The conduct of nursing students’ remains the same at all times in order to maintain public trust and win people’ s confidence that is essential in executing their duties. During the care process, nurses are in charge of offering safe, quality, and competent services to their clientele as stipulated in the National Standards for Registered Nurses.
Working frameworks and operation structures in the Indian Nursing Council were authorized by the Indian Nursing Council Act of 1947. It was established for the purpose of providing uniform standards in nursing education and nursing registration throughout the country. It encourages nursing as a formal educational preparation that is based on sound education principles (Sabate, 2003). Nursing standards are founded on the practice of nursing which was built on the acquisition of professional education. Moreover, the Indian Nursing Council just like the Australian Code of Conduct recognizes the responsibility of nurses in the society for the continued development and growth of the profession.
Internationally, nursing and nursing education have mechanisms to measure that ensure nursing students and nurse practitioners are adequate in knowledge and duty performance. It aims at curbing migration, as the individual can contribute to the national development as well as the family. However, countries such as India have a high rate of unemployment and poor wage schemes that push its scholars to migrate whenever an opportunity arises.
In addition, the Indian government supports the exportation of nurses because of the high number of graduate colleges. The opportunities are strained, and there is a need to support the health sector, especially the government nursing institutions that offer courses at an affordable. Outsourcing business is popular in India that has led to the adoption of comprehensive training of candidates recruited to head in the destination that includes Australia. A strong network of agencies exists between India and Korea that facilitate the booming business. The availability of young scholars that occurs due to the ever-growing Indian population remains an influencing factor that will take ages for the government of India to control.
The shortage of experienced nurses in developing countries adds to the challenge making it difficult to establish even and maintain international standards for nursing. The gap keeps on widening, encouraging the migration of nurses from India to Australia. To seal the gap, the Australian government has placed upgrading strategies for the nurses to ensure that they are suitable and maintain competence as well as meet the registration standard. Sabate (2003) argues that Codes of Ethics are essential in conducting professional duties for nurses while performing their duties in caring for patients.
Management of education, guided with culturally adapted frameworks enables them to make ethical decisions. Mallik et al. (2009) suggest that the main responsibility of nurses involves the provision of high and quality care to patients. This is, however, met with many difficulties because the process of decision-making is facilitated by varied Codes for a particular county. The codes are important for they tend to offer needed support to nurses reducing moral distress during healthcare delivery.
Indian set of Codes is structured to ensure nurses are empowered to make ethical decisions while providing duties to patients. On the other hand, both the Australian and Indian Codes of Ethics stipulate that individual dignity must be respected, regardless of the patients receiving the care in terms of their nationality, ethnicity, religion, culture, socio-economic class, gender (Lusch & Stephen, 2014). Moreover, nurses are urged to recognize and respect cultural sensitivity in everyday practice, even in this era of globalization. The nursing professional is sensitive because it touches on a person’ s integral aspect including social, cultural, and religion.
This increases challenges that may hinder the delivery of services. While making decisions, nurses are to remain informed on issues affecting daily livelihood and emphasize patient’ s consent, privacy, and confidentiality for efficient performance. It is important to evade conflict of interest while caring for patients that in turn protect individuals while undertaking care. In cases of ethnic unrest, nurses are to communicate with the administration for assistance in the decision-making process (Glasgow & Robbins (2004). Nurses are supposed to demonstrate a high standard of ethical response while carrying their duties that may cause tremendous resolution to the quality of life for an individual patient and the entire community.
It is essential for it improves the eminence of life that alternately reduces mortality and morbidity (Sabate, 2003). ConclusionIn conclusion, it is worth noting that the world is a global village and the values of codes of ethics are key to all professions including nursing which is one of the biggest career fields in the world.
Although factors such as social, cultural, religious, and economic status influence people’ s values and interests, professional and ethical coding assist nurses in service delivery in the healthcare sector. The development and application of the Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct should be an ongoing process. It enables nurses to provide the required input and at the same time reflect on the ethical issues that are dealt with and apply the code in their practice that enhances nursing practice and education framework.