"The Importance of Post Hospital Follow up Services" is an engrossing example of a paper on care. Study’ s research question/s What is the importance of post-hospital follow up services? How familiar are posted hospital services in society? Causal hypothesis/hypotheses tested; Post-hospital follows up services help in either curbing or delaying the risks of rehospitalization. Research design; The research follows a quantitative structure as the researches formulae systematic research questions thus obtaining numerical data to use in the computation of the research findings. Sample size and sampling technique; The researchers used the random sampling technique in selecting the research sample.
Through the technique, the researches selected seventy-one samples and another seventy-two for use as a control sample in the research. The one hundred and forty-three individuals thus constituted the research sample thus providing the essential data used in the formulation of the recommendations in the research. Data and data collection method; The researchers used numerous data collection methods including the use of structured questionnaires and the use of interviews. The two effective data collection techniques enhance each other thus optimizing the data collection process. 1.6. Variables and their measurement: - What is/are the dependent variable/s? The dependent variables in the research are the patients discharged from hospitals.
The future of their health as the research portrays relies on whether they seek post-hospital follow-up services. - What is/are the independent variable/s? The independent variables, on the other hand, are the follow-up services. The services remain integral in the research and do not require any redesign in order to fit into the research. The discharged patients can either chose to seek a special service or not. The choice they make thereafter influences the outcome of the research. - What are the control variables? The control variables in the research are the seventy patients who seek the post-hospital follow-ups.
The group serves to validate the hypothesis thus providing a point of reference to the dependent variable in the research. 1.7. Discuss the major findings of the study. Do they support the study hypothesis/ses? The research findings portray that post-hospital follow-ups are fundamental in the recuperation of the patients. Through the services, patients discharged from hospitals receive close medical observations (Bernard, 2005). As such, the research findings reaffirm the researchers’ hypothesis that indeed the post-hospital follow-ups help curb rehospitalization of patients.
In most cases, the follow-ups ensured that the patients healed efficiently as the transition from the hospital atmosphere occurred effortlessly thus minimizing stress. 1.8. Discuss the validity of the study: The validity of the research extends five years - Are there any threats to the internal validity of the study? The internal threat to the validity of the research is the lack of inclusivity in the research data collection and presentation. - Are there any threats to the external validity of the study? The existing internal threat to the validity of the research is the scanty information existing on the topical issue.
Such will discourage the implementation of the research’ s recommendations 1.9. Make a recommendation on how the study might be improved. The best way of improving the research is by obtaining secondary data. Secondary data refers to the information obtained in existing literature such as books and journals on the topical issue. By reading such, the researches would obtain fundamental information besides pointing out other features of the issues to cover in order to enhance the inclusivity of the research. The use of such simple graphical representations as pie charts and bar graphs enhances the comprehension of the research findings. Part B: A Study on Municipal Transportation Study’ s research question/s; How does mass transit affect the transportation industry? What are the effective ways of increasing the use of transit buses in the city? 1.2.
Causal hypothesis/hypotheses tested; Increasing mass transit of people in the city through the provision of new bus routes will enhance the efficiency in the city besides decongesting the streets and reducing the cost of travel within the city. 1.3. Research design; The research will have a quantitative design since such provides an exhaustive look into the topical issue by advocating for the collection of numeric data.
Such enhances the processing of the data thus resulting in realistic solutions that portray the skewed nature of the prevalence of the problem in society. 1.4. Sample size and sampling technique; The research will have a sample of one hundred and fifty respondents. Seventy-five of the respondents will serve as the control group while the other seventy-five will serve as the investigated sample. This way, the research becomes exhaustive by providing both possibilities. Data and data collection method; The data collection techniques to use in the research will include structured questionnaires and interviews.
The two provide a parallel view of the sample group by providing the researchers with appropriate opportunities t investigate their respondents thus obtaining exhaustive data for use in the formulation of both the conclusion and the recommendations. 1.6. Variables and their measurement: - What is/are the dependent variable/s? The dependent variables in the research will comprise the seventy-five respondents who will use the mass transit system. As the name suggests, the seventy-five depend on the nature of the transit system.
- What is/are the independent variable/s? The independent variable in the research is mass transit. It remains uninfluenced by the outcome of the research since it remains an idea the authorities are yet to implement. - What are the control variables? The control variable on the other is the group of the other seventy-five respondents who use the mass transit thus providing a neutral view on the topical issue. They provide researchers with a neutral and reliable point of reference.
Researchers thus compare their findings to the results of the group. 1.7. Discuss the major findings of the study. Do they support the study hypothesis/ses? The research determines that subsidizing new busses and bus routes will increase the use of the means of transport The use of the buses will decongest the city besides lowering the cost of transportation within the city. The findings thus support the research hypothesis. Discuss the validity of the study: The validity of the research extends five years a time within which the municipality seeks to introduce the use of the buses. - Are there any threats to the internal validity of the study? The internal threat is the large sample size that may impair the exhaustively of data collection - Are there any threats to the external validity of the study? The external risk is the lack of corporation from society. 1.9.
Make a recommendation on how the study might be improved. The best way of enhancing the success of the research is by carrying out an extensive literature review on the topical issue. By analyzing the existing literature researches obtain fundamental information hat influences the formulation of the questionnaires among other important features of the research. Using numerous data collection techniques including questionnaires, interviews and even observations enhances the success of the data collection process since the three will complement themselves thus resulting in effective data collection.
ReferencesBernard, H. R. (2005). Research methods in anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.