"Child Development from Infancy to Adolescence" is a great example of a paper on child development. Child growth and development is an essential element of learning that needs to be keenly observed. It is necessary to prevent developing children from believing in myths and misconceptions about life by enabling them to indulge in pedagogic activities (Levine & Munsch, 2018). One of the great seasons in elementary schools is the season of recess. It enables the involvement in physical activity, which promotes social interaction and increases cognitive behavioural outcomes (Ramstetter & Murray, 2017).
The American Academy of Pediatrics policy of 2013 recognizes recess for elementary schools as an essential factor in child development through engagement in extensive play (Massey et al. , 2018). The study looks into the benefits of recess in elementary learning. Statistical Findings and ComparisonsStudies indicate that children from kindergarten up to the fourth grade are the most active children in play with an average of 93% score out of their population in the US (Massey et al. , 2018). They need to engage in regular activities to freshen their minds. The statistics are consistent with the findings in most parts of the world.
However, students in sixth grade only participate at 34.9%, which indicates a significant drop (Massey et al. , 2018). About 100% of the students also prefer that recess should involve physical activities and should be carried out as outdoor exercises under favourable weather circumstances (Massey et al. , 2018). The statistics on such opinions are consistent with other developing countries such as the United Kingdom, Australia and other developing nations. Changes and their RationaleWith the increasing preference to outdo physical activities for recess, the focus needs to be laid on the environment.
With an excellent environmental set-up, the children enjoy more playtime and can develop more mentally. A good example is an environment filled with nature and other refreshing creatures. Trees, shrubs and cool air increases cognitive behavioural experiences. The children are, therefore, able to develop more than they do in other environmental settings. Children in schools without a beautiful natural environment may not score as high grades as those in an excellent physical environment. The environment should, therefore, be considered a crucial factor for recess among children in elementary schools.
Response to Isabel HDear Isabel, your insight on the children's interaction with nature is potent. There is a significant relationship between the natural environment and a child's mental development. It is vital to ensure that children in elementary schools are given adequate time to interact with the external environment. This should not happen only during recess but also during special sessions to learn about the natural environment. I also love the linkage between the principles and gross motor skills development.
It is true that with exposure to the natural environment, they learn to engage in physical activity. Physical exercises remain the core activities during recess (Ramstetter & Murray, 2017). They help not only in ensuring that children develop gross motor skills but also to refresh their mental after long durations of learning. It is, indeed, sad that technology has affected the natural world. This explains why some schools in the urban regions fail to develop children in elementary stages properly. Your discussion is, indeed, enlightening.
ReferencesRamstetter, C., & Murray, R. (2017). Time to Play: Recognizing the benefits of recess. American Educator, 41(1), 17.