"Calcification in Organs per Ultrasound" is a great example of a paper on diagnostic tests. Human anatomy is the study of the structure of the human body And can be divided into regional anatomy that is the study of the anatomical structure visible with the naked eyes, and microscopic anatomy is the study of anatomical structure which are not visible with the naked eye. Calcification is the deposition of calcium in the body tissues, causing the tissues to become hard. This condition causes abnormalities in the body resulting in diseases.
Calcification can be diagnosed by the use of ultrasounds as well as imaging. Introduction Deposition of calcium in the body tissues and organs may be as a result of disorders resulting to improper balance of calcium and certain chemicals in the body, body’ s protective response to injury or as a result of natural inflammatory reaction to infections as well as trauma (Kumar & Fausto, 2005). Calcium can deposit in different parts of the body including; blood vessels, kidneys, lungs as well as the brain. The diagnosis of calcification involves ultrasounds and imaging or x-rays. In the diagnosis, of any disease, the patient’ s history is extremely valuable, And this includes how long they have experienced the symptoms associated with calcification.
Most of the patients may present symptoms such as; severe headache, bone pain, abdominal or lower back pain. Calcification is mostly seen or discovered on ultrasounds and x-rays such as mammograms (Kumar & Fausto, 2005). Ultrasound involves the use of high-frequency waves to construct up an image of an organ in the body. The sound wave is generated by a probe held by hand and usually placed on the skin.
The waves are then reflected back from the body part and the computer converts the waves into a moving image. This method is used in the diagnosis of Gall stones which includes; Cholesterol stones, pigment stones, and inorganic salts brown. It is also used in the examination of liver metastases as well as musculoskeletal problems. FIGURE: 1 the image shows a moth-eaten pattern which represents atrophic as well as hypertrophic fibers in the quadriceps muscles of a patient with spinal atrophy In this study, the echo intensities spread in an inhomogeneous way throughout the muscle with a moth-eaten pattern. There are other correlating imaging modalities use in the diagnosis of calcification.
These include; x-rays and nuclear magnetic resonance. X-rays are highly used in cases of TB and the image shows infiltration and nodules which differentiate between TB and respiratory diseases (Gimenez & Aguilar, 2005). Nuclear magnetic resonance is also highly used to performing test which could be done using ultrasound as well. This is best known as magnetic resonance imaging( MRI ), as applied in medicine and magnetic resonance microscopy used in the field of research as well as in pathological works (Tyszka & Jacob, 2005) Differential diagnosis involves systemic evaluation of clinical findings in order to determine the disease that a patient is suffering from.
This method is used mostly in imaging where the images are critically analyzed so as to determine the disease. This is seen when determining different types of cancers if it is malignant or not (Bargen et el, 2011).
Bargren, A. E. Repplinger, D. Chen, H. & Sippel, R. S. (2011). "Can Biochemical Abnormalities Predict Symptomatology in Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism?” Journal of the American College of Surgeons 213.
Kumar V, Abbas A,K, Fausto, N, & Aster JA (2009) Pathologic Basis of Disease ( 8th. ed.), W.B. Saunders Co. in press