"Types of Cardiac Diseases" is an excellent example of a paper on drug therapy. The basic regimen for treating cardiac diseases consists of several pharmacological drugs as well as a surgical intervention if the medical treatment is not working. The pharmacological regimen includes several groups of drugs such as calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers, alpha-adrenergic agonists, vasodilators, and diuretics. All of these drugs act either directly or indirectly on the heart to decrease the work stress and thereby the energy requirement of the heart and prevent the chances of a heart attack. Calcium channel blockers act by blocking the calcium channels in cardiac muscles decreasing the strength and tone of their contraction.
This leads to decreased energy requirements by the muscles and preventing further attacks. Beta-blockers and vasodilators act by dilating the coronary arteries supplying the heart. Their dilation leads to an extra supply of blood to the heart and extra nutrients. Diuretics decreased the workload on the heart by excretion of water, leading to decreased venous return. The treatment of pathophysiology given by doctors is that they try to decrease the frequency of angina attacks so that the prevention of acute coronary syndromes such as; MI could be survived. Various treatments could be given to the patient in the case to prevent heart disease or heart failure.
Some patients can be treated with the help of Bypass surgery, Left ventricular assist device (LVAD), Heart valve surgery, Infarct exclusion surgery, or Heart transplant. All these treatments depend on the patient’ s current state. (Heart Failure Treatment)The proper diet helps to prevent heart failure which includes; fruits, vegetables, low-fat products, eggs, meat, seafood, nuts, beans, peas, etc. This could be done by taking control of cholesterol improvement, blood pressure control, serum glucose control, and smoking habits in the patients. (How Is Heart Failure Treated? )This whole treatment depends on after the doctor diagnoses the exact stage of heart failure. Heart failure can also be treated by the therapy of drug treatment. The usage of such drugs might result in the cardiac of Congestive heart failure (CHF).
Congestive heart failure is a clinical syndrome, which is developed due to the accumulation of the blood. The blood which is in front of the left heart or the blood on the right parts of the heart (Hanacek). The drugs may put the effect on cardiac preload, cardiac afterload, or myocardial contractility. Those drugs which increase the cardiac preload or afterload will be harmful to the patient and can result in heart failure.
The drugs prescribed by doctors these days to prevent heart failure can’ t be trustworthy to rely on. These drugs hold negative effects on the heart system, as these drugs directly affect the ventricular function. The performance of the ventricular function depends on the preload and afterload of the cardiac. The drugs imbalances the cardiac function, which could lead the patient at the risk of CHF. The only best treatment to prevent heart failure relies on your proper diet. The follow up of the good diet changes the patient’ s life & the patient survives longer than assumed.
Dr Ananya Mandal, MD. Heart Failure Pathophysiology. 14 March 2014 . 15 March 2014
Hanacek, Prof. J. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF HEART FAILURE. n.d.
How Is Heart Failure Treated? . 09 January 2012. 15 March 2014