Boroondara Public Health and Wellbeing Plan – Health System Example

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"Boroondara Public Health and Wellbeing Plan" is a great example of a paper on the health system. The “ Public Health and Wellbeing Plan” in question is for Boroondara. The Boroondara strategic plan discusses approaches and strategies to improve the health requirements in the region. It provides the population diversity and the challenges, which these populations face. The paper reviews the strategic plan based on its influence on health care in the area and its contribution to sustainable public health and the wellbeing of the population. Three of the most ‘ at-risk GroupsThe following are some of the at-risk groups in the Boroondara region: o The Older population (elderly) – the number of the older population is increasing, and the older population will represent 16.5% of the entire population of Boroondara by 2021 (Boroondara, 2013).

Most of the population is living alone, and the elderly are vulnerable to numerous challenges and problems. The older population may go without essential services and goods; social isolation; and malnutrition (Comfort & McCausland, 2013). The Older population is also vulnerable to homelessness because of the increase in some homeless individuals. o Mental health population – the issues surrounding mental health cut across social class, gender, and age.

Some of the common medical problems include dementia and depression. For example and based on 2009 statistics, 17% of the adolescents within the region reported higher levels of psychological distress (Boroondara, 2013). o Drug abusers - a high percentage of the adolescent consumer high volumes of drugs, such as alcohol. Based on a 2009 survey, which was compiled by the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, indicated that adolescents between 15-17 years had consumed alcohol (53.5% of the respondents) while 19% had consumed marijuana within a period of 30 days (Boroondara, 2013). o Cultural diverse communicates – it is estimated that more than 70% of the inhabitants speak English as a second language; it is not the first language (Boroondara, 2013).

Therefore, the health requirements may differ, and a requirement of cultural competence is integral to provide the community with appropriate medical requirements. Core Priority Health AreasThe following are some of the key/core priority health areas, which have been identified in the Boroondara strategic plan: o Social isolation – social isolation is the provision of health in a discriminative manner.

Therefore, social inclusion ensures the different populations are provided health requirements without discrimination. Moreover, their diverse requirements have to be understood to ensure effective health requirements are provided. o Accessibility – health care should be accessible to different populations (Comfort & McCausland, 2013). It can be understood through appreciating the requirements of different populations, and how the populations want to access the health requirements. o Championing cultural diversity – the population of the region is diverse, and a higher percentage is people from other countries.

Health requirements in such scenarios are different meaning cultural competency is integral in the provision of health (Boroondara, 2013). Hence, understanding the requirements of different populations allows formulation and implementation of measures to champion the wellbeing of the identified populations. o Transformative leadership – the health leadership should appreciate the changing health requirements. The leaders have to understand the environment and the world are changing in terms of health care and measures should be in place to address the emerging requirements. Core Priority and Three Determinants of HealthSocial inclusion defines the process in which the people contribute and participate in social requirements (Comfort & McCausland, 2013).

The health component is integral to the development of the communities and society. Individuals should be included in the provision of health care and understanding their varied requirements. Stakeholders should understand the requirements of the different populations and develop strategies to address the complications or to improve health care (Comfort & McCausland, 2013). From the perspective of social aspects, the requirements of the different population segments require different forms of health care (Skerrett & Mars, 2014).

However, it is important to devise and implement strategies that acknowledge such requirements. For example, cultural diversity is important because of the high population from other regions; the high percentage is people who came from other parts of the world (Boroondara, 2013). The second aspect of the environment is creating and providing the appropriate resources including creating a sustainable environment. For example, effective access to health care is important, and accessibility should be made easier. Most diseases may be attributed to environmental degradation, such as poor health care and climatic changes.

Creating and championing a sustainable environment enables a region to avoid certain health care problems (Viner et al. , 2012). In the case of biology, populations are defined by numerous variables including age, pregnancy, gender, mental health problems, which can be associated with certain forms of diseases (Boroondara, 2013). Therefore, elderly people should be noted to have or are susceptible to certain health conditions, which require inclusion through the provision of effective health assistance (Baum et al. , 2013). Boroondara Strategies on Social InclusionSocial inclusion is premised on a resilient, safe, and inclusive community.

Boroondara’ s strategic plan aims to increase social connections and safety for individuals across abilities, cultural, backgrounds, gender, ages, and income (Comfort & McCausland, 2013). To achieve these requirements, the Boroondara region aims to promote community harmony through supporting and recognizing diverse communities. Boroondara aims to improve social inclusion through the creation and increase of opportunities for social connection through activities, such as sport, recreation, and arts (Boroondara, 2013). The strategic plans would be achieved through the continuous promotion of community safety through supporting measures resulting in the prevention of violence.

Hence, these numerous aims, proposals, and strategies are aimed at improving and championing social inclusion in health care. It ensures different stakeholders and people are integrated towards the provision of effective health care requirements (Comfort & McCausland, 2013). Comparison of Downstream and Upstream to Boroondara Strategic PlansDownstream is the strategies and behavioral approaches to preventing or champion health requirements. These are behaviors of individuals to ensure the general environment prevents medical problems. Upstream is the participation in government policies and global forces in championing health requirements.

Therefore, downstream ensures the individuals contribute to sustainable health while upstream requires the government and other forces to determine the effectiveness of health practices (Boroondara, 2013). Boroondara’ s strategic plan incorporates both the downstream requirements and upstream requirements. For example, the role of the government or governmental institutions is to provide resources, such as doctors and medicines, while the individuals are required to seek assistance from these institutions. The personal health and safety initiatives are aimed at preventing health problems (Boroondara, 2013).

For instance, cleanliness prevents contamination diseases, such as diarrhea, and if each champions cleanliness, the problem is avoided (Comfort & McCausland, 2013). The government participation in developing programs, such as health promotions aims to ensure each understands the requirements of health, formulates and implements measures to sustain these requirements. Hence, the Boroondara approach of including both upstream and downstream strategies increases health requirements while providing effective health care requirements (Bourke et al. , 2012). ConclusionUnderstanding the challenges, the community and society face is the first step in addressing the problem.

The identification of ‘ at-risk population provides mechanisms and avenues for developing policies and implementing the policies to address the problem. The goals and objectives should be measurable and achievable, and the end goal clearly identified. The Boroondara strategic plan is likely to be successful because it has addressed numerous components, which are important to the success of the health care provision. The inclusion of numerous variables, such as the community, society, and persons vulnerable to certain health challenges ensure the appropriate strategy is developed to fulfill the requirements of the population. Hence, the Boroondara strategic plan is effective, and the plan will be successful since the implementation is important towards the success of any project and plans.


Baum, F. E., Laris, P., Fisher, M., Newman, L., & MacDougall, C. (2013). “Never mind the logic, give me the numbers”: Former Australian health ministers' perspectives on the social determinants of health. Social Science & Medicine, 87, 138-146.

Boroondara. (2013). 2013-17 City of Boroondara Public Health and Wellbeing Plan.

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Comfort, J., & McCausland, K. (2013). Health priorities and perceived health determinants among Western Australians attending the 2011 LGBTI Perth Pride Fairday Festival. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 24(1), 20-25.

Skerrett, D. M., & Mars, M. (2014). Addressing the Social Determinants of Suicidal Behaviors and Poor Mental Health in LGBTI Populations in Australia. LGBT Health, 1(3), 212-217.

Viner, R. M., Ozer, E. M., Denny, S., Marmot, M., Resnick, M., Fatusi, A., & Currie, C. (2012). Adolescence and the social determinants of health. The Lancet, 379(9826), 1641-1652.

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