"Global Health Analysis" is a perfect example of a paper on the health system. Defining health has had to encompass more variables than just the absence of disease. Lack of disease or infirmity does not necessarily imply good health. Health encompasses physical and mental completeness, as well as sound social well-being. Health is a state of well-being that goes beyond the lack of disease or infirmity (Skolnik 6). Public health is defined by the activities, efforts, and actions taken at an individual, communal, or societal level to enhance sanitation, standards of living, and health maintenance.
On the other hand, the global position, perspective, and approach to problems of public health constitute global health. Q. 7 Global health continues to face enormous challenges in both poor and rich countries. The most critical challenges in the global health context include the cost of health services, quality of care, access to health services, and disparities in health status relative to the health complications. Costs of health services are on the rise, thereby affecting the affordability of care. High-quality care is undoubtedly experiense, and access to care is not fully streamlined.
Also, an increase in health complications has impacted negatively on people’ s health status. Chapter 2 Q. 1 Health is determined by numerous factors, all of which exhibit essential interconnections. Genetic makeup, age, sex, social status, income level, education, social status, culture, gender roles, and environment (Skolnik 18) are the primary health determinants at a personal level. These determinants influence health outcomes across individuals in different ways, subject to their applicability. Q. 3 Life expectancy at birth is a health status indicator (Skolnik 20) that can be used to describe the health status of a poor country.
The choice behind this indicator is informed by the actual health care situation in poor countries. A poor country faces critical financial and planning challenges in regard to managing the health of the people. As a result, deteriorated health status of the people in a poor country translates to a low life expectancy. An increased life expectancy would imply that the health status of such a country is improving. Q. 4 Composite indicators are vital when it comes to the measurement of disease burdens within and across countries. Measuring the burden of disease allows stakeholders in the health sector to engage in resource allocation and public health planning and financing in an effective and efficient manner.
DALYs work in the best interest of promoting health across the globe by enhancing the evaluation and assessment of the actual health status in the global context. Q. 11 The burden of the disease varies within and across different regions. The most critical variables that account for these variations include growth and development of the health sector, income level, public health education and welfare, healthcare financing and planning, and resource availability and allocation.
Variations in these variables influence differences in the burden of disease across regions. Q. 12 The burden of disease is likely to shrink over the next two decades. Disease incidences will go down globally, as the global population works to improve the growth and development of the health sector. Over the same period, the burden of the disease will become more oriented towards non-communicable diseases (Skolnik 44). This will be the trend across the globe, covering low, middle, and high-income regions or countries.
ReferencesSkolnik, Richard. Global Health 101. New York: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011. Print.