Health Care in Different Countries – Health System Example

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"Health Care in Different Countries" is an incredible example of a paper on the health system. A health indicator may be a specific characteristic of an individual, population, or environment  that  is used to analyze different aspects of the health of  an  individual or  a  population.   To  evaluate  the health characteristics of different populations, three countries with various income  levels  have  been  chosen.   The selected countries  for the analysis  are  the  United States (high-income), India (middle-income), and  Bangladesh  (low-income).   Health indicators for United States  Birth rate-14 per 1000 population  Fertility rate- 68.6 births per 1000 women aged 15-44 years  Percent born low birthweight-8.2%  Life expectancy-77.9  Obese population aged 20 years and above – 34%  (Source:   World Health Organization, 2007)  Health indicators for India  Population 60 years and above – 7.8% (in 2001)  Crude birth rate (per 1000 population) – 23.8 (in 2005)  Crude death rate (per 1000 population) – 7.6 (in 2005)  Population with access to improved sanitation – 52% (in 2001)  Physician  per 1000 population  –   7  (in 2005)  (Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010)  Health indicators for Bangladesh  Population 60 years and above  -  7% (in 2004)  Crude birth rate (per 1000 population) – 20.9 (in 2003)  Crude death rate (per 1000 population) – 5.9 (in 2003)  Population with access to improved sanitation – 59% (in 2004)  Physician per 1000 population – 3 (in 2005)              (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010)  From the above data, it is  evident  that the United States maintains a satisfactory health condition.   The US’ life expectancy is 77.9 and it reflects the nation’ s improvement in the health sector.   Similarly, the country keeps a well  low birthweight  rate  (8.2%),   which represents the changing face of the United States’ health care sector.   At the same time, the nation’ s obesity rate is comparatively higher;   and this  condition  can be attributed to  lifestyle  changes.   However,   the US’ high-income feature  has  assisted the  nation  to maintain  comparatively  good health conditions  across  the country.       While comparing national health indicators of India  with that of  Bangladesh, it is obvious that India’ s health condition is slightly better than  that of  Bangladesh.

India’ s 7.8% population was 60 years and above in 2001;  but,   Bangladesh could not attain this rate even in 2004.  In the case of Sanitation, both India and Bangladesh cannot keep a satisfactory situation  because only  less than 60% of the population gets access to improved sanitation in both countries.   Health indicators show that  physicians per 1000 population were  7 in India in 2005 while it was only 3 in Bangladesh. However, the Crude death rate of Bangladesh per 1000 population was 5.9 in 2003 whereas it was 7.6 in the case of India in 2005.    Conclusion  From the above discussion,   it is clear that the income  level of a country  has a direct impact on the quality and structure of its health care system.   Since the United States possesses a high-income ratio, it provides betters facilities to its population.   India, being a middle-income country  keeps better health conditions as compared to  the low-income state,   Bangladesh.

In short, a country’ s income level has a direct impact on its  health care  industry.    

References

“Basic health indicators including the U.N. millennium development goals”. (Aug 2007). World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.searo.who.int/en/Section313/Section1519_10856.htm

“Obesity and overweight”. (June 2010). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/overwt.htm

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