Medical Statistics – Medical Ethics Example

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"Medical Statistics " is an outstanding example of a paper on medical ethics. In the implementation of the Malaria Consortium Program, certain ethical issues may arise. The governments, NGOs, and other partners may fail to acquaint the individuals involved in the program with full information that relates to the risk associated with the intervention programs. In such an instance, the patient may not have the opportunity to make an informed decision on whether to participate or resort to alternative strategies of malaria control (Perrin, 2014). Failure to inform the patients that they are part of a study to evaluate the program amounts to unethical practice.

A given government may prejudice the areas for the evaluation of the program. They may fail to comply with the random assignment appropriate for the study. In this case, the people charged with the mandate of administering the program may compromise ethics through favoring some patients or being selective in the people involved. Another ethical issue that may arise during the program some medical professionals may high concentrations of chemicals when treating the mosquito nets harming the individuals engaged in the program. Q8 The outcome measures of the program entail primarily surveillance and monitoring.

Beyond Garki Operation project underway in Cambodia, Uganda and Ethiopia provide Malaria Consortium in monitoring the effectiveness of the use of treated mosquito nets. Beyond the Garki Operation project, keep track of the spread of the disease occasioned by inadequate compliance to the use of nets. The consortium applies community health worker SMS to survey malaria cases. The short message service is essential in identifying cases of malaria among patients. Its usage is applicable to the mapping and surveillance of migrants from other countries.

The outcome measures applied are valid and effective to the consortium in its intervention against malaria. Keeping the track of the spread of malaria assists the consortium in adjusting its intervention strategies to make the most viable in eradicating the disease in the countries of presence. es.   The practical application of the outcome measures is primary in assessing the success of the interventions at diverse stages of implementation. Q9 Malaria claims up to 660,000 lives across the world every year with 90% of mortalities occurring in the sub-insecticide-treated mosquito Saharan Africa.

Approximately 3.4 million people are at risk of infection from the disease around the world. Malaria incidences among children account for 77 percent of the total cases of malaria. The intervention programs by the Malaria Consortium especially the use of treated mosquito nets have succeeded largely. The use of treated mosquito nets is an effective strategy in containing the spread of the parasite that causes malaria. Since its inception in 2000 during the launch of the Malaria Consortium Program, the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets reduced transmission has declined by 50%.

Besides the decline in transmission, incidences of malaria dropped by 31% in sub-Saharan Africa. Empowering the people in terms of information about malaria is primary in preventing new cases of malaria. Introduction of treated mosquito nets and residual spraying contribute to the drop in malaria prevalence. Globally, due to the implementation of the net intervention program contained in the Malaria Consortium, mortality declined by 41%. In sub-Saharan Africa, the drop is relatively lower at 49%. Based on the available statistics, the Malaria Consortium, through effective implementation of the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets manages to reduce the prevalence of the disease.  

References

Perrin K. M. (2014). Essentials of Planning and Evaluation for Public Health. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.
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