The Realities of Obesity and Fad Diet – Metabolic Problems Example

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"The Realities of Obesity and Fad Diet" is a perfect example of a paper on metabolic problems. In  the present day, many teenagers and kids are seen being weight conscious and discussing the ways of getting rid of these extra fats. These teens and kids, making use of such artificial methods result not only in regretting them in the future but also in gaining more weight than before in later life. The media has played a big role in perpetuating the notion that slim bodies denote beauty (Rothblum, 2010). The trend to maintain slim bodies began with women, then slowly became a problem of men too.

Many savvy marketers lure the public into cherishing diets that deplete their body vitamins and cost them hundreds of dollars a month. Viewing body size as a problem was once a problem of the rich in the west, it spread to poor families and has gripped the whole world. With hyped advertising that portrays fat as bad, a fad diet may be a thing to stay for a long time to come unless discouraged or streamlined. Many young women undergo some kind of social segregation because of their body sizes and shapes (Moyad, 2005).

Other than the potential physical health complications that obesity poses to millions of citizens around the states, the reported social view of the obese adds another danger of psychological health risks to the obese. For this reason, many people, especially the youth and young adults have resorted to fad dieting oblivious of the effects of such choices (Fineberg, 1972). The research looks at the rationale of fad dieting. It gives answers to the question: Is fad diet really an effective way of losing weight and becoming slim, attractive, and fit, or is it just some fantasy people are living in? Proponents of fad dieting have a number of reasons to believe it is the best way to lose weight.

Foremost, they argue that most fad diets require that dieters follow them for just a short while. They are, therefore, easy to follow (Calman, Hauser, Lurio, & Pichardo, 2008). They also argue that fad diets control the intake of calories and there is, therefore, a high likelihood of success.

Further, proponents believe that a number of fad diets recommend a sufficient intake of vegetables and fruits. For this reason, there is a belief that one on the diet still manages to ingest all the essential vitamins, fiber, and nutrients into the system. There is the other argument that fad dieting adds to better health beyond the loss of weight  (Calman, Hauser, Lurio, & Pichardo, 2008). Exclusion of carbohydrates, sugar, and fats from the diet helps maintain proper blood sugar content. When properly planned, some fad diets may include essential nutrients like carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.

This prevents consumers from fad diets from suffering the side effects that are associated with starvation. Such properly organized fad diets are known as the zone diets. Some fad diets act like a master cleanser. Proponents and planners of these diets claim that the diets help in complete detoxification that helps in maintaining a good texture of the skin while maintaining weight-loss  (Calman, Hauser, Lurio, & Pichardo, 2008). Due to almost-immediate results of the fad diets, one gets motivated and looks forward with enthusiasm to reduce weight and eliminate complications associated with obesity. Drastic exclusion of calories from one’ s body is one of the core aims of fad dieting.

This leads to nutritional deficiencies. Lack of calories in the diet leads to reduced levels of potassium and sodium. It results in adverse health risks. Insufficient potassium and sodium affect the regular functionality of the heart. It could ultimately cause a heart attack. In addition, the lack of calories in the diet leads to a deficiency of Vitamin B12 and iron (Moyad, 2005).

One’ s organs depend on carbohydrates for energy to operate. Lack of carbohydrates can lead to the failure of the kidney and the liver. Furthermore, fad diets have the capacity to trigger eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa and anorexia. In order to have one’ s body function at its best, one must provide the body with a variety of foods (Safe Food Always, 2011). There is a need to have a rich diet sufficient for minerals and vitamins. Fad dieting reverses this process. Minerals and vitamins are in insignificant quantities in the foods that fad diets recommend to enable dieters to have the recommended loss of weight.

Often, fad diets often require one to stick to a particular kind of food or refrain completely from certain food groups. This robs the body of nutrients. In the event that a person on a fad diet stays from the recommended food, the strategy fails, keeping him hooked to an unhealthy diet. The other problem with fad diets is its cost. One fad diet comes after another, and the subsequent recommendations are often more costly than the preceding.

They require the users to purchase books, bars, pills, powders, and shakes that are necessary to maintain the diet (Moyad, 2005). Unless one is ready to incur these overhead costs, a fad dieter is sure to fail in his attempts to lose weight. Despite the high costs and health risks associated with the loss-weight strategy, there are never guarantees that the results of the process are permanent. In fact, the weight loss from fad diets is always as temporary as the diet sustains. The weight gets back the moment one starts eating normal food (Fineberg, 1972).

The rapid weight that one gets while on a fad diet is never burnt fat, but the loss of water and muscle tissues. Once the body resumes its normal diet, it replenishes its muscles and water content, making the person gain back his weight. Fad diets are harmful to health if they are consumed to surplus. They cause obesity which unconstructively impacts on the functioning of the human body. Surveys have shown that obesity can lead to health complications such as heart attacks and other body tissue deteriorations(Journal of AHIMA (J AHIMA), 2011).

These are adversely harmful. A healthy diet is recommended for people with obesity since they lack the ability to perform regular tasks. It is also imperative for people who are conscious about their health to use other natural methods of maintaining a good diet. Regular exercises are essential since they help the body to maintain a good shape. A fad diet is caused by the craving to fit within the perceptions of the public. Social distress and pressure resulting from social segregation and stereotypes associated with fat people drive them to try all means of reducing their weights (Calman, Hauser, Lurio, & Pichardo, 2008).

The craving to conform within the social viewpoints beats the need to be logical and patient to find out the benefits of the method of weight reduction against its negative externalities. Therefore, ignorance of the balance between the benefits and risks of fad dieting is part of the problem. It would be of no good to have a small or average body that is unhealthy and malfunctions.

Core body organs like the heart, the liver, and the kidneys need to be treated with more precaution than the mere desire to fit into societal mainstream thinking judged on weight and body size. It would not make much sense of working hard to lose huge amounts of weight and end up killing oneself. Even though people’ s main agenda of getting hooked to fad diets are often credible, the end results are not worth the effort  (Safe Food Always, 2011). There is a need to use healthier means that have the capacity to last after a weight loss strategy.

A fad diet is not one of the permanent ways to prevent people from the adverse health and psychological effects of obesity. If there be some truth in the claims by proponents of fad diets that properly planned diets entail intake of all the essential nutrients, there is a need to institutionalize bodies that may bring sanity to the food industry concerning the fad diet issue. Until sanity is placed and proper guidelines proposed to regulate fad dieting, it remains a cost-ineffective and self-defeating strategy of reducing body weight.

References

Fineberg, S. K. (1972).The realities of obesity and fad diets. Nutrition Today,7(4), 23-26

Moyad, M. A. (2005). Fad diets and obesity--Part IV: Low-carbohydrate vs. low-fat diets. Urologic nursing, 25(1), 67

Rothblum, E. D. (2010). Women and weight: fad and fiction. The Journal of psychology, 124(1), 5-24.

Calman, N., Hauser, D., Lurio, J., & Pichardo, M. (2008, April 9). Strengthening Public Health and Primary Care Collaboration Through Electronic Health Records. Retrieved Nov 06, 2013, from University of Maryland University College: http://ehis.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/eds/detail?sid=861834de-41f7-4063-8c42-53fc943d6b74%40sessionmgr14&vid=1&hid=8&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=bth&AN=82884278

Journal of AHIMA (J AHIMA). (2011, Jan 22). Managing Unsolicited Health Information in the Electronic Health Record... ...practice guidelines for managing health information. Retrieved Nov 6, 2013, from University of Maryland University College: http://ehis.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/eds/detail?sid=2a7f7578-658d-48ed-b70e-e748890b46b6%40sessionmgr13&vid=1&hid=8&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=ccm&AN=2012251965

Safe Food Always. (2011, November 21). Food sector must do more to tackle obesity. Retrieved October 31, 2013, from Public Health Responsibility Deal (PHRD) Food Network (FN): www.foodmanufacture.co.uk/Food-Safety/Food-sector-must-do-more-to-tackle-obesity

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