Alzheimers Disease – Neurology Example

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"Alzheimer’ s Disease" is a perfect example of a paper on neurology. My client, 57-year-old Mr. Seed, has recently been diagnosed with Alzheimer’ s disease (AD). AD is an age-linked, non-reversible brain disorder that builds up over a period of years. At the start, the victims suffer from memory loss and confusion though. It is at this stage that most people tend to mistake situations with normal memory changes that oftentimes affect the elderly. However, symptoms of AD progressively trigger behavioral and personality changes, challenges in recognition of close relations, as well as a slump in cognitive abilities.

Eventually, AD may lead to a serious loss of mental performance. Neurologists relate this problem to the worsening and eventual death of connections linking neurons to the brain. Undoubtedly, AD is one of the main reasons for dementia among the elderly. Mrs. Smith needs to exercise a lot of caution while caring for her husband. For instance, in the initial stages, Mr. Smith can be allowed to continue working but with a reduced workload. Also, this should be done with close supervision with an aim of giving him a sense of accomplishment.

However, it is dangerous to leave that person alone for long hours as they tend to fall into depression and become agitated. This may drive them to pick up close objects such as car keys or other dangerous equipment that may be harmful to them. Donepezil (Aricept® ), rivastigmine (Exelon® ), or galantamine (Razadyne® ) are used to treat mild to moderate Alzheimer's (donepezil can be used for severe Alzheimer's as well). Memantine (Namenda® ) is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's. In order to get more information about AD and care for Mr.

Smith, I advise the Smith’ s to visit National Institute on Aging website located at http: //www. nia. nih. gov/alzheimers/. This will certainly offer a lot of help about the care and nature of treatment that Smith requires.

References

Alzheimer’s disease Education and Referral Center; National Institute on Aging. Retrieved from: http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/

McKhann, G. M., Knopman, D. S., Chertkow, H., Hyman, B. T., Jack Jr, C. R., Kawas, C. H., ... & Phelps, C. H. (2011). The diagnosis of dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease: Recommendations from the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer’s Association workgroups on diagnostic guidelines for Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 7(3), 263-269.

Birks, J. (2012). Cholinesterase inhibitors for Alzheimer’s disease (Review).

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