Comparison of Covid-19 Using Rates – Outcomes Research Example

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The paper "Comparison of Covid-19 Using Rates" is a wonderful example of Outcomes research. The section endeavors to express Covid-19 cases as a percent of the population, Covid-19 deaths as a percent of the cases, and find Covid-19 deaths per 100,000 people for the U. S. and one country doing better, and one that is doing worse than the U. S.Covid-19 cases as a percent of the population = (Covid-19 cases / Population) x 100Covid-19 deaths as a percent of the cases = (Covid-19 deaths / Cases) x 100Covid-19 deaths per 100,000 people = (Covid-19 deaths / Population) x 100,000According to Countrymeters (2020), the current U. S.

population is 334,568,336. As of the 4th of September, 2020, the U. S had reported 6,335,244 cases of coronavirus infection and 191,058 deaths (Elflein, 2020a; b a and b). Table 1U. S. Covid-19 Cases as a percent of the Population, Covid-19 Deaths as a Percent of the Cases, and Covid-19 Deaths per 100, 000 People Country Population Covid-19 Cases Covid-19 Cases as a percent of the Population Covid-19 Deaths as a percent of the Cases Covid-19 Deaths per 100,000 PeopleThe U. S.

334,568,336 6,335,244 1.89 191,058 3.02 57.11Germany: A Country that has fared better than the U. S.Germany reported 248,814 cases and 9,399 deaths from Covid-19 by the 4th of September, 2020 (Elflein, 2020a; b a and b). The country has a current population of 81,488,498 (Countrymeters, 2020). Table 2Germany Covid-19 Cases as a Percent of the Population, Covid-19 Deaths as a Percent of the Cases, and Covid-19 Deaths per 100, 000 People Country Population Covid-19 Cases Covid-19 Cases as a percent of the Population Covid-19 Deaths as a percent of the Cases Covid-19 Deaths per 100,000 PeopleGermany 81,488,498 248,814 0.31 9,399 3.78 11.53Peru: A Country that has fared worse than the U. S.Peru has reported 670,145 cases and 29,405 deaths from Covid-19 (Elflein, 2020a; b a and b).

Peru’ s current population is 33,584,159 (Countrymeters, 2020). Table 3Peru Covid-19 cases as a percent of the population, covid-19 deaths as a percent of the cases, and covid-19 deaths per 100, 000 people Country Population Covid-19 Cases Covid-19 Cases as a percent of the Population Covid-19 Deaths as a percent of the Cases Covid-19 Deaths per 100,000 PeoplePeru 33,584,159 670,145 2 29,405 4.39 87.56Peru has done poorly in the prevalence of Covid-19 compared to the U. S.

The country has a higher infection rate of 2% than the U. S., which has an infection rate of 1.86%. Germany has done better than the U. S. since it has an infection rate of 0.31%. Also, Peru has a higher mortality rate than the U. S. In every 100,000 people, 87 are likely to die of Covid-19 in Peru while in the U. S., about 57 are likely to die due to Covid-19. In Germany, which is doing better than the U. S., only 11 people are likely to die from Covid-19 in 100,000 people.

Peru has the most severe coronavirus infection compared to the U. S. 4.39% of deaths result from the reported cases in Peru. In contrast, in the U. S., only 3.02% of the infected people die from the virus. It implies that Germany has taken better measures to prevent more infections and care for Covid-19 patients than the U. S., while the U. S. has better preventive and care strategies than Peru. Using Rates for Comparison about Testing: Part 3Percent of Positive Tests in the U. SAs of the 4th of September, 2020, the U. S.

had done 84,881,529 tests for Covid-19 (Elflein, 2020c). It can be compared to two countries: Brazil, which has a higher percentage of positive cases, and the U. K., which has a lower percentage of positive cases. Table 4Percentage of positive Covid-19 cases in the U. S., Brazil, and the U. K.Country Covid-19 Tests Covid-19 Positive Cases Percentage of Covid-19 Positive CasesThe U. S. 84,881,529 6,335,244 7.46Brazil (a country with a higher percentage of positive cases than the U. S.) 14,408,116 4,046150 28.08U. K.

(a country with a lower percentage of positive cases than the U. S.) 17,619,897 340411 1.93Tests and cases figures adopted from Elflein (2020a; c)The U. S. has done a higher number of Covid-19 tests than Brazil and the U. K. It has a higher percentage of positive cases, 7.46%, than the U. K., which has 1.93%. Although Brazil has fewer tests than the U. S., it has 28.08% of positive cases, higher than the 7.46% of the U. S. Thus, completing many tests does not necessarily mean that a country will record a higher number of cases. Comparison of Total Number of Tests with the Total Population and the Total Number of CasesTable 5Total number of tests as a percentage of population and ratio of the total number of tests to the total number of cases for the U. S., Russia, and Israel Country Total Population Total Number of Tests Number of Tests as a percent of Population Total Number of Positive Cases Total Number of Tests to Total Number of CasesThe U. S.

334,568,336 84,881,529 25.37 6,335,244 13.4Russia 146,610,964 37,484,146 25.57 1,009,995 37.11Israel 8,787,303 2,388,574 27.18 124,455 19.19Population figures adopted from Countrymeters.

(2020); Covid-19 total number of tests and the total number of cases adopted from Elflein (2020b; c)In terms of the number of tests as a percentage of the population, the three countries, the U. S., Russia, and Israel, are doing well with a percentage above 25. It implies that the countries have already tested a quarter of their population for Covid-19. In comparing the tests to cases, the U. S. records one case in approximately every 13th test. On the other hand, Russia and Israel are likely to record one case of Covid-19 in the 37th and 19th samples tested, respectively.

Report: Part 4The U. S. is doing relatively well in handling the Covid-19 pandemic. Although the virus has infected a significant number of its population, which is 1.89%, the fatality of the infection, which is 3.02% of the confirmed cases, is considerably low given that it is lower than 3.78% observed in Germany. Notably, Germany is considered one of the world countries that have handled the coronavirus pandemic more effectively. Moreover, the U. S. has the third-largest population in the world.

However, it has managed to test 25.37% of the population for Covid-19, which represents more than a quarter of the total population. Among the tested samples, only 7.46% have turned positive, which implies that the U. S. rate is not as high as in Brazil, which has recorded 28.08% of positive cases from the completed tests. Considerably, the U. S. is among the nations such as Russia and Israel that have the highest number of tests in the world in relation to their population sizes.  

References

Elflein, J. (2020a, September 4). Number of coronavirus (Covid-19) cases worldwide as of September 4, 2020, by country. Retrieved 2020, September 5, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1043366/novel-coronavirus-2019ncov-cases-worldwide-by-country/

Elflein, J. (2020b, September 4). Covid-19 deaths worldwide as of September 4, 2020, by country. Retrieved 2020, September 5, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1093256/novel-coronavirus-2019ncov-deaths-worldwide-by-country/

Countrymeters. (2020, September 5). List of countries and dependent territories of the world by population. Retrieved 2020, September 5, https://countrymeters.info/en/list/List_of_countries_and_dependent_territories_of_the_World_by_population

Elflein, J. (2020c, September 4). Number of coronavirus (Cocid-19) tests performed in the most impacted countries worldwide as of September 4, 2020. Retrieved 2020, September 5, https://www.statista.com/statistics/1028731/covid19-tests-select-countries-worldwide/

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