The paper "What Will We Do If We Don’ t Experiment on Animals" is a brilliant example of preclinical research. Animal research has become an important aspect in every medical advance for both animal and human health. The knowledge of animal research has enabled the development of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and chemicals. Generally, the use of animals in research is based on three major fields: product security evaluation, biomedical research, and education. However, these researches should be carried out in a merciful and humane way to ensure that the animals do not suffer.
Thus, it is important for animal medical research to be carried out based on laid down guidelines and directives ensuring that the entire process is humane and follows the guidelines of animal research activities. If animal testing is eliminated, future development in the medical sector especially in terms of procedures and medications will extremely be limited. Both humans and animals have benefited from new discoveries in health care ensuring that they live healthily. For example, animal medical research has resulted in surgery technologies and procedures, the development of vaccines and antibiotics, reproductive processes, and the advancement of medical techniques.
Moreover, research on animals has ensured that the discoveries that are made follow anatomy, human behavior, and bone structure of humans (Greek, J. & Greek, R. 124). This streamlines into a situation that any process or medication that has been developed satisfies the given aim. Moreover, the use of animals is both economically and humane suitable. For example, most animals that are used for the research have a short life span e. g. two-three years. Hence, scientists and researchers can see the effect of any medication or process throughout the life span of the animal.
This is contrary to previous methods in which medications were used before seeing the influence and impact of the mediation on the perceived treatment (Greek, J. & Greek, R. 125). Nevertheless, the use of animals ensures that humans do not undergo emotional or psychological complications in the future. It also reduces the influence of any complications that may occur in humans and animals in their entirety. The moral requirement of humans is to ensure that animals are prevented from any unnecessary suffering.
However, the idea of animal testing brings into consideration two perspectives or dilemmas in choosing between the welfare of animals or humans. Morality may view as a creation of a society in which it is less associated with animals. Moral principles and rights are applicable to those parties that are within the moral community that the social process generated. Hence, from this perspective, the requirements of humans override the requirements of animals (Paul, E. & Paul, J. 23). Animals also benefit from researches that are carried out in animals.
For example, heartworm medication has assisted cats and dogs. Moreover, animal foods have been improved through animal research practices e. g. the cat nutrition. The aim of any society is to restrain suffering and hence use of animal medical research results in reduction of pain and suffering. Without the research, more people could suffer and it could be against the aim of many societies (Paul, E. & Paul, J. 197). Generally, research carried out using animals is essential in ensuring that the health care of both animals and humans is improved. The use of animals has resulted in the development of new drugs, medical processes, and educational aspects.
The use of animals has ensured that the entire process is cheap, morality is preserved, psychological trauma is avoided and ensuring that medical developments is encouraged.
Greek, S. Specious Science. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2002.
Greek, J. & Greek, R. What Will We Do If We Don’t Experiment on Animals. New York: Trafford Publishing, 2004.
Paul, E. & Paul, J. Why Animal Experimentation Matters. New York: Transaction Publishers, 2001.