"Danger Signs of Pregnancy" is an engrossing example of a paper on pregnancy. Audience: Mothers attending antenatal clinic Venue: public health clinic Time: 8.00am to 9.00am Teaching approach to be employed: Direct instruction or the teacher-centred approach Teachers activity: Lecturing, explaining, asking a question and answering the question Audience activity: Listening, taking notes, asking and answering questions Resources: Flip charts, overhead projector. Objectives The audience to identify and state danger signs The audience to state the probable problem associated with a danger sign The audience to state what to do when experiencing any danger sign Introduction During pregnancy, women undergo several changes in their body because of hormonal changes.
There are some discomforts like nausea, vomiting which are considered fewer problems. However, it is imperative for any pregnant woman to identify any of the adverse signs and symptoms so as to get medical help. The major goal outcome of proper management of pregnancy is to have a healthy baby and mother (Ali et al. , 2010). In addition, pregnant women are encouraged to undergo a routine health check-up in the hospital throughout the pregnancy. Some of the tests done during the check-up include blood pressure measurement, urinalysis among others.
The tests are done to identify any impending threat to cause loss of pregnancy. It is this dangerous threat that can manifest in different ways, and are termed as danger signs in pregnancy (Okour, Alkhateeb, & Amarin, 2012). Danger signs in pregnancy Signs and symptoms Probable problem Possible aetiology Any vaginal bleeding Placenta previa, abruption placenta and abortion Placental implantation on the wrong place, hormonal bleeding. Severe abdominal pain Abortion, ectopic pregnancy, placenta abruption A uterine growth, pain from the ligament Persistent and continuous back pains False labour and a miscarriage Bladder infections, cyst and normal labour pains. Watery like substance coming out of the vagina Premature rupture of membranes, preterm labour and abortion/miscarriage Urinary incontinence or leaking bladder Swelling of the body especially hands and face Pregnancy-induced hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia Anaemia, low body protein Severe headaches and blurred visions Pregnancy-induced hypertension and eclampsia Intermittent regular contractions before thirty-seven weeks of gestation Preterm labour, or miscarriage Gastric problems No foetal movement Intrauterine foetal death or foetal distress Reduced foetal movement What to do when experiencing any of the danger signs It is imperative to note that the danger signs are dangerous as they are called, they can lead to foetal and maternal demise.
In any circumstance that a pregnant woman experience any of the above described, she must visit the nearest hospital to be reviewed and managed accordingly. Proper management will lead to an outcome of a healthy mother and foetus (Duysburgh et al. , 2013). Conclusion Pregnancy brings with it different feelings and some of the feelings can be discomforting to pregnant women, however, some changes in the body can be detrimental and lead to both maternal and foetal death. It is important for all pregnant mothers to know of the danger signs and take prompt action when they experience any of the problems.
Seeking routine check-up while pregnant will help identify and manage the problems before they escalate to dangerous levels.
Ali, A. A. A., Rayis, D. A., Abaker, A. O., & Adam, I. (2010). Awareness of danger signs and nutritional education among pregnant women in Kassala, Eastern Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Public Health, 5, 179–181. 17 ref.
Duysburgh, E., Ye, M., Williams, A., Massawe, S., Sié, A., Williams, J., Temmerman, M. (2013). Counselling on and women’s awareness of pregnancy danger signs in selected rural health facilities in Burkina Faso, Ghana and Tanzania. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 18, 1498–1509.
Okour, A., Alkhateeb, M., & Amarin, Z. (2012). Awareness of danger signs and symptoms of pregnancy complication among women in Jordan. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 118, 11–14.