Family Presence During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – Social&Family Issues Example

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"Family Presence During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation" is a wonderful example of a paper on social and family issues. Initially, in case a sick person is admitted to a health facility, the members of their family are taken away from their relatives into another room whereas the medical staff uses life-saving procedures to save the patient (Hung and Pang, 2011). A medical practitioner is in a position to get out of the resuscitation; he or she informs the members of the family on the status of the patient (Hung and Pang, 2011). The practice of resuscitation is transforming as families practice their right to be there throughout the entire period.

Several studies indicate that observing the resuscitation procedure helps members of the patient’ s family understand everything that was performed to save their relatives (Hung and Pang, 2011). Some studies indicate long-lasting undesirable effects in members of the family who witnessed resuscitation, like anxiety, sadness among others (Hung and Pang, 2011).     The benefits of family members/loved ones' presence in the ER during a code situation appear to outweigh the possible negative effects of witnessing such a traumatic event.

However, there must be considerations made in determining to try to encourage or discourage family/loved ones being in the same room during emergency resuscitation in regards to patient family and hospital staff. Relative perspective The presences of members of a family/loved ones at the point of death of a family member is commonly accepted in serious medical care situations when the main concern of care moves from medical care of the seriously sick person to the communal, psychic, and emotional comfort of the sick person and of their members of the family (Hung and Pang, 2011).

  Though, in case a patient encounters a life- pressuring occurrence such a cardiac arrest or respiratory, members of their families have always been forbidden from staying in the medical care setting. Family/loved one's presence during resuscitation has the following benefits as discovered by several researchers (Hung and Pang, 2011). Family presence during resuscitation makes the family understand the importance of the patient’ s medical condition. Their presence fosters gratitude for the determination of the medical team to ensure they did everything they could to save the patient.

Their presence also enhances a sense of usefulness by presenting pertinent evidence to the medical group and actively encouraging the patient either through praying, touch, comforting (Hung and Pang, 2011). Additionally, it gives a chance for the patient’ s conditions to be stated to the members of the staff. It also facilitates the necessity to be with their sick relative. This presence provides relief to their patients and makes them know that the family members are present. It also strengthens the patient’ s mind to live (Hung and Pang, 2011).

Some researchers like Hung and Pang (2011) note that the present tends to support patient and family connection and bonding, and it encourages a strong physical association between the patients and their patients’ throughout the resuscitation. It tends to reduce the guilt about running away from the patient when in crisis, and it offers a chance to give the patients farewell. Lastly, this presence allows family members to hold their relatives while he or she is still alive (Hung and Pang, 2011). It has been stated that a lot of families/loved ones prefer to be near, partially to their loved ones to make sure that everything achievable is done for their relatives because they feel that their attendance may affect the medical outcomes; though views on family/loved ones observed resuscitation differ extensively (MacLean et al, 2006).

Researchers recommend that organized resuscitation efforts can permit a bond to advance between family/loved ones and the resuscitation groups, convince families that their relatives are in good hands (MacLean et al, 2006). In the case of death,     this presence tends to offer a ‘ humane’ environment in which family members can mourn.   Research has indicated that relatives may encounter negative feelings and psychological effects because of observed resuscitation.

MacLean et al (2006) argue that observing resuscitation is not a medical issue and disturbing enough to haunt the relatives for a long period or all through their lifetime. Clinical perspective On the other hand, medical practitioners state that allowing family members to see the resuscitation procedures done on their patients’ may break their right to privacy (Oman and Duran, 2010). Oman and Duran (2010) claim that extremely ill persons have an equal right to privacy as conscious people and that medical staff should not presume that unconscious people would agree to their family members observing their resuscitation. The views of healthcare specialists about the attendance of relatives throughout the resuscitation efforts differ.

Several pediatricians and emergency doctors are in support of the exercise while several typical doctors and medical staff are contrary to it, strongly oppose it (Oman and Duran 2010). Some researchers state that nurses have a positive attitude to the presence of family members during resuscitation than therapeutic staff, although most of them do not encourage the exercise (Oman and Duran, 2010). Many medical doctors are doubtful about the attendance of families throughout resuscitation efforts because of inadequate space, and the confidentiality and self-respect of patients should be preserved during the process (Salladay, 2006).

The main concerns of the medical doctors are that the members of the family will be distressed after observing the procedures, and they may even interfere in resuscitation efforts or manipulate decisions to discontinue resuscitation, and their attendance will the staff stressed when working, and therefore affect their medical performance (Agard, 2008). Although letting family members watch resuscitations procedures can make the resuscitation setting crowded, members of staff ought to provide families time to speak a few expressions to their relatives, or to grasp their hands.

Family members should not be viewed as problematic. They are simply part of the patients’ lives and will always want to bid farewell to their relatives. Conclusion Recoveries doctors frequently assume that they will be the last individuals to be in the company of a dying person. However, being near the patient during this time is an opportunity, and having this opportunity may be the most luxurious thing that healthcare specialists can provide the mourning relatives.

It should also be noted that relatives should not be forced into observing cardiac massage; however, they should be a chance to choose whether to do so.


Agard, M. (2008). Creating advocates for family presence during resuscitation. MEDSURG Nursing, 17(3), 155-160. Retrieved from; 1a8c-492d-9945-352f61beebd3%40sessionmgr115&vid=9&hid=15

Hung, M., & Pang, S. (2011). Family presence preference when patients are receiving resuscitation in an accident and emergency department. Journal Of Advanced Nursing, 67(1), 56-67. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05441.x

MacLean, S., Guzzetta, C., White, C., Fontaine, D., Eichhorn, D., Meyers, T., & Désy, P. (2003). Family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and invasive procedures: practices of critical care and emergency nurses. American Journal of Critical Care, 12(3), 246-257. Retrieved from 1a8c-492d-9945-352f61beebd3%40sessionmgr115&vid=18&hid=15

Oman, K. S., & Duran, C. R., (2010). Health care providers' evaluations of family presence during resuscitation. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 36(6), 524-533.

Salladay, S. (2006). Ethical problems. Family presence: code controversy. Nursing, 36(1), 26. Retrieved from sid=f76ba6a3-1a8c-492d-9945-352f61beebd3%40sessionmgr115&vid=6&hid=102

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