The paper 'Cancer and Other Malignant Neoplasm's' is a perfect example of stemcell research. Cancer is a dreadful disease, which leads patients towards death in a slow but painful way. The other name of cancer is a malignant tumor. The malignant tumor is a cluster of diseases with key features of abnormal cell growth. Malignant tumor harms the whole body by spreading its infection throughout. There are various factors, which are involved in the vulnerability of cancer in the long run. In this regard, the excessive consumption of tobacco affects human health and as witnessed leads to the rise in cancer death up to 22%.
The other reasons stated by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) behind cancer are poor diet, lack of physical activities and consumption of the disproportionate level of alcohol. Moreover, it is revealed from the study that malignant neoplasm is a kind of osteosarcoma, which is better known as cancerous bone tumor affecting the human body to a considerable extent. There are several therapies, which are considered to be effective forms of treatment for cancer however the stem cells have proved as a much popular form in the treatment of cancer.
Queensland Health (2003), describe the highest death possibilities of cancer patients in Australia. The conducted research describes the risk factors related to cancer affection. In the year 1996, the percentage of the affected people of cancer by tobacco was 9.7%, which increased in 2003 to 12.2%. The stem cell treatment is much popular in Australia among the people. The conducted research in Australia has proved its efficiency as a regenerative medicine as it helps to re-grow human issues for the simple functions.
Contextually, stem cells are the major components, which have been used for several years to treat the patients of cancer. In this context, it is observed that there are various types of stem cells that have been used for treating varied forms of cancers. Furthermore, in the treatment of prostate cancer, blood stem cell therapy has proved to be appropriate in curing patients. To be specific, the blood stem cells treated with chemotherapy proves to be very effective for curing prostate cancer. Treatment relating to cancer regarding the aspect of stem cells is immense. In this regard, placental stem cells with cord blood can be a medicine for leukemia or blood cancer.
Researchers have been planning to make a trial of the placental stem cell with the cord blood for examining the different hematological sickness of patients of varying ages and groups (ASSCR, n.d. ). The researcher from one of the cancer research institutes of Melbourne explains the aspect of longevity regarding breast stem cells. The breast stem cells are the longest run cells, which bear their infections throughout the life span.
The researchers are trying to evaluate, the origin of breast cancer and trying to find the accurate diagnostics for breast cancer for patients. Moreover, the researcher describes the research related to the longevity of breast stem cells, which will be helpful in discovering the origin of breast cancer. The researcher also describes the effectiveness of the stem cells and progenitor cells, which are self-dependent and hence can regenerate the body structure of the cells. This aspect will help to protect the cells from the worse effect of breast cancer for many years (The American Cancer Society Inc 2014; International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2011). Therefore, it can be witnessed that the advantages of breast stem cells will act as a treatment procedure for breast cancer in the future.
On the contrary, there are several disadvantages that can mess up the treatment procedures of breast cancer. In this aspect, it can be ascertained that the initial step of diagnostics should be to identify the source cell of breast cancer and then start with the procedures of treatment.
Moreover, as per NHMRC projects are conducted to prove the proper existence of breast stem cells and its ability to renewing the cells of the mammary gland. It can be observed from a survey that ovarian cancer is the primary reason for the numerous deaths of the women living in Australia. According to Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (2012) describers that over twelve hundred women are identified to have been suffering from ovarian cancer in a year and out of the eight hundred women die from this disease.
Furthermore, it is evident that ovarian cancer is the sixth reason that is leading to an increase in the number of women deaths in Australia. The study of the cancer council assessed the estimated rate of the cancer patient in the year of 2014 in Australia to be one lac twenty-eight hundred. The research scholar expects that the rate of cancer patients will reach one lac fifty thousand in the year 2020 in Australia as per the increase in the disease. The Cancer Council of Australia (2014) and Scott (2014) states cancer to be a prime cause for the majority portion of the death of the people in Australia.
Moreover, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012) evaluates the various risk factors related to cancer. Smoking, alcohol consumption obesity and physical inactivity are termed to be a major risk factor for the people who are affected with cancer. The collective data explain that in the year 2010, the total number of male who died of cancer were twenty-four thousand three hundred and twenty-eight only, whereas death rate of women as compared to men were eighteen thousand five hundred and sixteen.
It is evident from the previous death rate record that the majority of men and women died of lung cancer. In the year of 2012, the death rate increased to sixty-seven thousand two hundred and sixty for men and the fifty-three thousand four hundred and sixty for women. Contextually, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2012) describes in its study in the year 2012 that the majority of the men died of prostate cancer and women died of breast cancer.
The death ratio has increased three times more than the previous year data interpretation. It is evident from the researches that the destructive effects of the worse diet plan are the primary reason for prostate cancer for men in a present scenario. The bad food effect such as the huge consumption of processed foods, which are highly rich with fats and cholesterol are the factors of the threats for prostate cancer and breast cancer for women. Extreme alcohol consumption by women can lead them to the disease of breast cancer.
The other reasons for breast cancer are due to obesity or excessive accretion of the fats in the human body. Doctors most of the time prescribe women to indulge in maximum physical activity in order to ignore the vulnerability of breast cancer. Another vital form of cancer affecting the people in related to skin cancer (News. com. au 2013; NHMRC, 1996). Therefore, it can be stated that NHMRC explains the various aspects of cancer and stem cells through various researches.
1. ASSCR n.d., Australasian society for stem cell research submission to the mckeon review of health and medical research in Australia, Article, viewed 12 October 2014,
ASSCR describes the importance of the stem cell in the treatment of cancer. The researcher recommends the stem cells as a regenerated medicine in the treatment of cancer. After the long research, the article proves that the stem cell is more valuable for the cancer treatment.
2. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2012, Cancer in Australia, Article, viewed 12 October 2014,
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare describes the increasing death rates of the cancer patients in Australia. The research paper also expresses the risk factors, which are related to various types of cancer disease. The research paper involves the death ratio between men and women and the increasing rates death between two years for effective information.
3. Cancer in Australia 2014, what is cancer? Facts and figures, Article, viewed 12 October 2014,
According to the researcher, cancer has been described as chronic disease, which is mainly found in the human body cells. The research findings describe the increasing rate of death of the people through cancer. In Australia people are mainly affected by the lungs cancer, breast cancer, melanoma cancer and prostate cancer this aspect is referred to in the article.
4. International Agency for Research on Cancer 2011, Global cancer facts and figures, Article, viewed 12 October 2014,
According to the research paper, it can be determined that cancer can vary through the demographic region or vary through the geographical region. The regional difference can create a huge difference in the vulnerability of the cancer. The geographical region, is described as one of the reasons for the rise in cancer as discussed in the article.
5. NHMRC 1996. ‘Primary Prevention of Skin Cancer in Australia’, Report of the Sun Protection Programs Working Party, pp. 1-111.
The reports describe the prevention procedures of Skin Cancer, which is quite common in Australia. The information regarding skin cancer and its severe causes are shared in the article.
6. News.com.au 2013, Australian cancer patients have highest survival rate in world, News, viewed 12 October 2014,
According to the study, it is found that the patient who are suffering from breast cancer, prostate cancer and having skin cancer can sustain for over ten more years. The research explains the reason of the skin cancer, which is due to excessive exposure in the sun. The high risk factors are threatened for those people who are having the tendency of sunburn, and fair skin as stated in the article.
7. Scott, S 2014, Rural patients more likely to die from cancer than those in cities, News, viewed 12 October 2014,
It is found from the study that the people living in rural area are high risks of infection of cancer. As rural people do not have the facilities of treatments, they are at high risks of cancer as mentioned in the article. This article evaluates the symptoms leading to cancer.
8. The American Cancer Society Inc 2014, Cancer facts & figures, Article, viewed 12 October 2014, :
The paper describes the risk related factors of cancer all over the world. The death rate of the cancer patient is higher in the America. The people died in cancer in 2014 are 585,720. It is found that the cancer is the second popular disease in the United States after the heart dieses as evaluated in the article.
9. The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research 2014, Long-lived breast stem cells could retain cancer legacy, Article, viewed 12 October 2014,
The research describes about the use of stem cells in treatment of Breast Cancer. The relevance of stem cells and its effect on cancer is presented in the article.
10. Queensland Health 2013, ‘Primary prevention of chronic diseases: the role of nutrition’, Public Health Nutrition Background Paper, pp 1-16.
The research describes the chronic disease can affect people due to bad diet or nutrition. This article provides the information regarding the issues that leads to cancer among women and men.