"Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Among Veterans" is a perfect example of Surgery and Rehabilitation. 1. Problem Statement- Post-traumatic stress disorder is common among veterans returning from combat zones, and effects strategies are required to manage their condition so that they recover to normal lives. 2. Hypothesis- Effective strategies can help service members suffering from PTSD cope with traumatic memories. 3. Research Question- What strategies can be used to help service members suffering from PTSD cope with traumatic memories. 4. Key Words• Post-traumatic stress disorder among services members• Coping with traumatic memories• Strategies to manage post-traumatic stress disorderLiterature Review1.
Paragraph 1- post-combat veterans suffering from PTSD do not undergo adequate treatment due to ignorance and a lack of cooperation with healthcare workers. (Spoont, Nelson, Van Ryn, & Alegria, 2017). Effective strategies are required to improve their compliance with treatment. 2. Paragraph 2- Telephone care management can promote treatment engagement, increasing the number of hospital visits among veterans with PTSD (Rosen et al. , 2016). 3. Paragraph 3- Both trauma-focused and non-trauma-focused psychotherapies proved to be effective in managing PTSD based on the study done by Chen et al.
(2019). 4. Paragraph 4- A combination of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy enhances recovery from PTSD symptoms, such as depression (Bernardy & Friedman, 2017). The validity of Data and Findings• The data and findings discussed in the literature review above were collected from well-researched articlesRelevance of Sources• All sources address the issue discussed in the problem statement, including the strategies to manage PTSD among veterans. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Among VeteransProblem statementPost-traumatic stress disorder is a mental disorder that affects individuals who experienced a traumatic event, such as mass shootings and killings. Common symptoms of the disorder include recurrent thoughts about the traumatic event, flashbacks, nightmares, and depression, among others.
Veterans are commonly diagnosed with PTSD, especially after returning from combat zones. Some of them end up quitting jobs and concentrate on substance abuse in order to bury the traumatic memories. If untreated, the disorder can totally ruin their personal and professional lives. On the other hand, effective management of veterans suffering from PTSD can help them to recover to their normal lives and even resume their jobs. HypothesisEffective strategies can help service members suffering from PTSD cope with traumatic memories. Research QuestionWhat strategies can be used to help service members suffering from PTSD cope with traumatic memories? Key WordsPost-traumatic stress disorder among services membersCoping with traumatic memoriesStrategies to manage post-traumatic stress disorder. Review of LiteratureMost of the veterans who suffer from PTSD fail to undergo the required treatment due to a lack of support or ignorance (Spoont, Nelson, Van Ryn, & Alegria, 2017).
Even those who seek medical assistance end up being uncooperative and fail to give a complete history of the presenting illness. As such, more reliable strategies should be established to promote recovery from PTSD.
Rosen et al. (2017) carried out a study to determine the effectiveness of telephone care management among veterans diagnosed with PTSD in an outpatient setting. According to the findings, patients who were frequently reached through telephone calls completed 43% more hospital visits than those who were subjected to the usual routine of care. In this case, telephone care management promoted treatment engagement, which is essential for effective management of veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Another study done by Chen et al. (2019) as well aimed at applying a new strategy to manage veterans diagnosed with PTSD.
In this case, trauma-focused and non-trauma-focused psychotherapies were compared in order to arrive at a preferable therapeutic approach. According to the findings, the difference between the two approaches was below the non-inferiority margin, indicating that neither of them was worse than the other. Lastly, Bernardy & Friedman (2017) claimed in their study that a combination of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy is the most effective in managing PTSD among veterans. A combination of antidepressants such as fluoxetine and other cognitive behavioral therapy can help PTSD patients to recover from the symptoms. The validity of Data and FindingsThe data and findings discussed in the literature review above were collected from well-researched articles.
All the three reviewed articles were extracted from scholarly sites. Furthermore, researchers carried out surveys and experimental research before arriving at the conclusions. Therefore, the validity of the findings in the literature is guaranteed. The relevance of the SourcesAccording to the problem statement, the issue of focus in the study is to solve the problem of the increasing cases of PTSD among veterans returning from combat zones.
As such, identifying effective strategies to manage PTSD is the major goal of the study. All the three reviewed sources address issues of managing PTSD, including telephone care management, trauma-focused, and non-trauma-focused psychotherapy, and pharmacotherapy. Therefore, the sources are relevant to the research question, and they form a basis for further research to find appropriate strategies to manage PTSD.
Bernardy, N. C., & Friedman, M. J. (2017). Pharmacological management of post-traumatic stress disorder. Current Opinion in Psychology, 14, 116-121.
Chen, J. A., Fortney, J. C., Bergman, H. E., Browne, K. C., Grubbs, K. M., Hudson, T. J., & Raue, P. J. (2019). Therapeutic alliance across trauma-focused and non-trauma-focused psychotherapies among veterans with PTSD. Psychological Services.
Rosen, C. S., Azevedo, K. J., Tiet, Q. Q., Greene, C. J., Wood, A. E., Calhoun, P., ... & Harris, A. H. (2017). An RCT of the effects of telephone care management on treatment adherence and clinical outcomes among veterans with PTSD. Psychiatric Services, 68(2), 151-158.
Spoont, M., Nelson, D., Van Ryn, M., & Alegria, M. (2017). Racial and ethnic variations in perceptions of VA mental health providers are associated with treatment retention among veterans with PTSD. Medical care, 55, S33-S42.