Tonsillitis and Allergic Contact Dermatitis – Symptoms Example

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"Tonsillitis and Allergic Contact Dermatitis" is an engrossing example of a paper on symptoms. In this case, the two-year-old girl suffers from tonsillitis that was diagnosed upon her lack of appetite and a sudden temperature change. Tonsillitis is an infection that results from local inflammatory pathways. As a result, there is edema, swelling, pain, and erythema that can last for up to three weeks. Only in rare cases will the swelling develop further to a soft palate and uvula. The disease caused by Streptococcus pyogenes or viruses usually affects the young aged between 5 to 15 years and those who are exposed to germs frequently. Acute tonsillitis is usually determined by sex, age, environment, or race.

The causative agent gains entry through the nose or the mouth and gets trapped in the tonsils causing constipation and loss of sleep. Cases of acute tonsillitis are common during winter or early spring in areas with a temperate climate (Madara and Pomarico-Denino, 2008). Tonsillitis is detected by looking at an infected throat or palpating the neck for swelling. A throat swab is a simple test that is used to get a sample of the secretions from the inflamed tonsils.

The tonsils respond initially to the infection by engulfing the bacteria with white blood cells. For bacterial tonsillitis, antibiotics are used to fight the infection. Penicillin is usually prescribed for ten days. Surgery is also used to remove tonsils in cases where tonsillitis occasionally occurs (Lilja, Rä isä nen& Stenfors, 1998). Scenario 2 The 27-year-old male is suffering from allergic contact dermatitis. He has redness and irritation in his arms. The patient has no previous record of a similar condition, but his exposure to abrasive fluids in his routine work is a possible cause.

Dermatitis is defined as an inflammation of the skin that results from direct exposure to an offending agent that is considered to be an allergen by the body. The pathological feature of this condition is the intercellular edema occurring in the epidermis. Initially, the body reacts leading to the development of an epidermal vesicle. For clinical presentation, the allergic reaction is characterized by exudation, eruptions, fever, ulcer, pain, and tearing muscles. Prick tests and patch tests are the two simple in-vivo tests that are used to diagnose the condition.   A topical steroid cream is used to regulate the inflammation.

Other alternatives include oral antihistamines or antibiotics with steroids (Kumar, Abbas& Aster, 2014). Scenario 3 The 65-year-old Mary has a history of hypertension that has often been controlled using hydrochlorothiazide. The patient suffers from heart palpations that are better known as racing sensations of the heart. A higher stroke volume results in the patient feeling an unusual heart movement. The disease is characterized by a lack of sleep and appetite. The sensitivity to these effects is raised by stress and anxiety.

An electrocardiogram is used to diagnose the condition that is managed by reducing caffeine intake and carrying out exercises such as Yoga.

References

Bernadette Madara and Vanessa Pomarico-Denino. (2008). Pathophysiology. Mississauga, Ontario: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

M Lilja S Räisänen & LE Stenfors. (1998). Initial events in the pathogenesis of acute tonsillitis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. Sep 15;45(1), 15-20.

Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas & Jon C. Aster. (2014). Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease. Saunders.

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